The city of Barcelona, which is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea, the Llobregat and Besòs rivers and the Collserola Mountain, has over one million six hundred thousand residents. Its Mediterranean climate brings warm, humid summers and cool winters. It is a city full of history, culture, entertainment and food that offers visitors numerous possibilities to wander its streets, using all their senses in discovering a part of its past.
Barcelona is the capital of Catalonia and the second biggest city in Spain, both in its extension and its number of inhabitants. Close to 1.6 million people currently live within the city, although its area of influence as part of the Barcelona Metropolitan Area (which includes the cities around it) covers 36 municipalities with a population of approximately 3.2 million inhabitants.
Barcelona is a Mediterranean city not just geographically but culturally and socially too. Thanks to its age-old maritime channels and the importance of its port, Barcelona has had constant contact with other cultures along the Mediterranean shoreline, a relationship which has marked the city’s traditions and cultural celebrations.
In the last 30 years, Barcelona has grown on all levels. The 1992 Olympic Games was yet another confirmation of the city’s international profile. Barcelona has become one of the most dynamic and attractive cities in Europe, both for its people and its economic impact.
The Catalan society has a deep regard for its institutions, its culture, its language, Catalan, and its traditions. The Catalan language is a distinctive feature of Catalan identity and has been key to social cohesion.